Device running a TACACS+ server application


host <ip-addr> [key <key-string>]|[oobm]

Specifies the IP address of a device running a TACACS+ server application. Optionally, can also specify the unique, per-server encryption key to use when each assigned server has its own, unique key. For more on the encryption key, see Using the encryption key and the documentation provided with your TACACS+ server application.

The oobm option specifies that the TACACS+ traffic will go through the out-of-band management (OOBM) port.

You can enter up to three IP addresses; one first-choice and two (optional) backups (one second-choice and one third-choice).

Use show tacacs to view the current IP address list.

If the first-choice TACACS+ server fails to respond to a request, the switch tries the second address, if any, in the show tacacs list. If the second address also fails, then the switch tries the third address, if any.

See Example of the switch TACACS+ configuration listing, the priority (first-choice, second-choice, and third-choice) of a TACACS+ server in the switch TACACS+ configuration depends on the order in which you enter the server IP addresses:
  1. When there are no TACACS+ servers configured, entering a server IP address makes that server the first-choice TACACS+ server.

  2. When there is one TACACS+ serves already configured, entering another server IP address makes that server the second-choice (backup) TACACS+ server.

  3. When there are two TACACS+ servers already configured, entering another server IP address makes that server the third-choice (backup) TACACS+ server.

The above position assignments are fixed. If you remove one server and replace it with another, the new server assumes the priority position that the removed server had. For example, suppose you configured three servers, A, B, and C, configured in order:

First-Choice: A

Second-Choice: B

Third-Choice: C

If you removed server B and then entered server X, the TACACS+ server order of priority would be:

First-Choice: A

Second-Choice: X

Third-Choice: C

If there are two or more vacant slots in the TACACS+ server priority list and you enter a new IP address, the new address will take the vacant slot with the highest priority. Thus, if A, B, and C are configured as above and you (1) remove A and B, and (2) enter X and Y (in that order), then the new TACACS+ server priority list would be X, Y, and C.

The easiest way to change the order of the TACACS+ servers in the priority list is to remove all server addresses in the list and then re-enter them in order, with the new first-choice server address first, and so on.

To add a new address to the list when there are already three addresses present, you must first remove one of the currently listed addresses.

See also General authentication process using a TACACS+ server.

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