Querier operation

The function of the IGMP querier is to poll other IGMP-enabled devices in an IGMP-enabled VLAN to elicit group membership information. The switch performs this function if there is no other device in the VLAN, such as a multicast router, to act as querier. Although the switch automatically ceases querier operation in an IGMP-enabled VLAN if it detects another querier on the VLAN, you can also use the CLI to disable the querier capability for that VLAN.


A querier is required for proper IGMP operation. Thus, if you disable the querier function on a switch, ensure that there is an IGMP querier (and, preferably, a backup querier) available on the same VLAN.

If the switch becomes the querier for a particular VLAN (for example, the DEFAULT_VLAN), then subsequently detects queries transmitted from another device on the same VLAN, the switch ceases to operate as the querier for that VLAN. If this occurs, the switch Event Log lists a pair of messages such as:

I 01/15/01 09:01:13 igmp: DEFAULT_VLAN: Other Querier detected

I 01/15/01 09:01:13 igmp: DEFAULT_VLAN: This switch is no longer Querier

In the above scenario, if the other device ceases to operate as a querier on the default VLAN, then the switch detects this change and can become the querier as long as it is not preempted by some other IGMP querier on the VLAN. In this case, the switch Event Log lists messages such as the following to indicate that the switch has become the querier on the VLAN:

I 01/15/01 09:21:55 igmp: DEFAULT_VLAN: Querier Election in process

I 01/15/01 09:22:00 igmp: DEFAULT_VLAN: This switch has been elected as Querier